redpineapple

Friday, April 01, 2005

Class Presentation.

China and Censorship.
How well can China able to control its censorship in regards to the Internet?


"The Great Firewall of China" is the term used for the system that censors "delicate" material/information that the Chinese Government deem inappropriate.

The firewall works by blocking IP addresses through the routing of the internet, and is made up of standard firewalls, proxy servers and internet gateways.

Content that is deemed inappropriate may come under the list of: pornography, news from foreign sources especially websites that include forums, information about Tibet independence, information about Falun Gong, some websites based in Taiwan, and in Hong Kong.

Two ways in which the state can monitor what is on the internet in China.

Monitoring-by looking at what Chinese users do online in order to find and punish those committing offences.

Blocking- Using "The Great Firewall" to block websites. As mentioned above.

The Chinese public can still access sites without the state knowing. There are many ways to tunnel under the firewall.

For instance. "Tunnel" the publication, that is circulated by American e-mail servers, is largely written in China, in Chinese. You need to be on a mailing list to receive it, and it is almost untraceable because of the way it is circulated.

Tunnel editors are quoted to have said about the title of the magazine: “When we bore through the barriers, so they are riddled with holes, the collapse is not far away.

What China is faced with is a digital dilemma. The internet is a powerful and useful tool that will help them come into the new era of technology and yet hinder them.

Advantages include the ease of technological and economic transfers, academic exchanges and scientific co-operation.

Disadvantages include the influx of unapproved news and information, subversive opinions, communications between opponents of the Government and pornography.

The internet is not used by the whole of the Chinese population but it is a fast growing market. China Telecom, China’s largest telecoms firm, has reported that the 2004 net profit had more than doubled to 28.02 billion yuan ($US3.6 billion) from 13.88 billion yuan a year earlier. The company signed up 25.66 million new customers. (Sydney Morning Herald)

China
still holds tight reins on the internet, recent news being that its crackdown on University forums for discussion. The forums which give anonymity to the users allows somewhat of a freer speech between the discussions that take place, do not agree with the “ideological education” that the communist party have set.

The Great Firewall is indeed something that China need to work on. Whether is continues to hinder itself by blocking all this unwanted news or information to its public, in order for it to join the higher ranks, it needs to look at its censorship in terms in the internet. Especially because the internet is so very important in terms of how well China will do in the future.

The China Government want the internet to become a vital engine of national progress, grounded by the controlling forces. It obviously wants the change to occur, for even in the remoteness part of China, there are advertisements to join the boom of the telecoms network. Whether China succeeds on its censorship will not only shape the economic development but also it political future.

This type of growth in China, makes it a tasty meal for the foreigners ready to devour. The few foreign telecoms companies in China, such as Ericsson and Motorola have already had great success by supplying the telecoms hardware that China craves. Foreigners now want to provide the software and other services and make a feast of it.

Main Examples of Censored Publication on the Internet.
The People’s Daily, one of China’s leading publications, which is state owned, whose job is to “disseminate” information and distribute it to the public is an example.

Xinhua. A state funded news source situated in Hong Kong is deemed an acceptable site to receive news.

Sina. One of China’s three big web portals. At present, Sina has merged with Shanda, China’s top internet company despite attempts not to.

China News Net. It aims to become the largest and most authoritive Chinese-language news media on the Internet.

World Journal. A North American Chinese language newspaper published by United Daily News in Taiwan.

Recent News Stories relating to China’s Censorship.

Both these links are covering the same story, the one below is the Sydney Morning Herald and the second is on Asia Media.

Sydney Morning Herald

Asia media

China ordering punishments for those whose sites teach suicide methods.

China’s tight rein on Online growth.

China’s Universities crack down on internet forums.


Bibliography

The Economist.

Sydney Morning Herald

PC World

Wikipedia- Porn Censorship

Wikipedia,Internet Censorship

CSB News

Online Journalism Review

People's Daily Online

Xinhua

Sina

BBC